Apa Roșie Peat Bog
It is Natura 2000 site since 2007, and has a surface area of 66 ha. The site is located in the Nemira Mountains in the basin of the Apa Roșie (Red Water) stream, at an altitude of 990-1030 m, on a flysch (sandstone) substrate. The bog of this site conserves three Community interest bog habitats, the conservation of two of them representing a priority. These are in a very good state of preservation due to isolation. The natural structure of the forest habitats is very well preserved and is represented by the large diversity of ages and sizes.
The site has a complex composition; we can find glades with Scots pine, Norway spruce and downy birch, alternating with oligotrophic and meso-oligotrophic bogs.
Typical tree species are the scots pine
(Pinus sylvestris), norway spruce (Picea abies), silver birch (Betula pendula), downy birch (Betula pubescens), grey alder (Alnus incana), bay willow (Salix pentandra), other important plant species are the lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos).
The peat bog was designated as Special Area of Conservation for the following species of Community interest: Ligularia sibirica and marsh angelica (Angelica palustris), both having a good state of preservation.